A rare early 20th-century photo album of oil drilling sites in Java. This set of 123 original antique photographs documents the very beginnings of oil drilling in the Netherlands Indies, offering a rare look at the workings of early oil extraction in Indonesia. These photographs taken around the year 1910 have never been made public before. The set contains scenes of the oil derricks, oil workers, overseers, the surrounding countryside, and many more.
Oil was first discovered in 1885 in the Netherlands Indies and the industry soon found sites in Sumatra, Java, the Arafura Sea, and Papua. Extraction of oil in Indonesia began around the year 1907 with the founding of the BPM, Bataafse Petroleum Maatschappij (Batavia Petroleum Company), one of the subsidiaries of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Petroleum Maatschappij nowadays Royal Dutch Shell. BPM was nationalized and became Pertamina.
Short descriptions on 6 of the 123 photographs.
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