Rare Woodblock Map of the World, published almost 500 years ago in Antwerp, Belgium.
This rare early map of the world is based on the now-lost world map of Gemma Frisius from the year 1540, of which no known copy exists. In 1544, Peter Apian incorporated this world map into his Cosmographia. The Gemma Frisius map was believed to have been dedicated to Emporer Charles V. One of the deities at the top of the map bears the Holy Roman Emporer's Double Eagle on its breastplate. The world is presented in a cordiform projection on a cloud background filled with mythical figures and wind heads. The three cadaverous wind heads at the bottom represent the plague-carrying winds of the south. The heart-shaped border of the map contains signs of the zodiac, and the seas are enlivened with ships and sea monsters.
The continents are largely based upon Mercator's 1541 Globe Gores, although North America is shown as a long slender landmass labelled Baccalearium (Translated: Good cod fishing nearby) in reference to the cod fishing region. The northwest passage is clearly identified.
South America is designated "America", likely in deference to Waldseemuller's world map of 1513. The interior of South America features the notations of Canibales near Brazil and Gigantium regio in the southern tip, and the Straits of Magellan are shown. Ferdinand Magellan. (ca.1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the very first circumnavigation of the Earth. Above the continent Baccalearium (North America), there is a large Sea of Verazzano topped by the eastern portion of Asia. In Asia, India and Sri Lanka (Seylan) are noted, in addition to the part of Southeast Asia with Sumatra noted as Taprobana. Africa has few interior details noted other than the prominent twin lake sources of the Nile, with a note of the Monteslune (Mountains of the Moon) and a lone elephant.