This is a miniature version of the map with a different cartouche – this one being floral, the other more common and bigger version with angelic figures surrounding both a top and bottom cartouche. Fine large double hemisphere map of the world by renowned French mapmaker Gilles Robert de Vaugondy in 1752. The map is split into western and eastern hemispheres, which emphasize the broad Pacific Ocean and the large southern seas near the Antarctic; no southern continent (Antarctica) is shown. The map is full of fascinating cartographic details. For example, in the southwest of the western hemisphere, an labelled I. De France represents the opposite point on the globe from Paris, where the map was made. The eye is drawn particularly to the large landmass of Nouvelle Hollande, or Australia, which includes Van Dieman's Land, New Guinea, and eastern islands in its outline. The eastern most point that Vaugondy considers part of the Australian continent is Terre de S. Esprit, a reference to Austrialia de Espiritu Santo, a land contacted in 1606 by Pedro Ferdinand de Quiros. Quiros was an adamant promotor of Pacific colonization and he thought he had landed on a vast continent; in reality, he was on the largest island of the chain that makes up Vanuatu. Robert de Vaugondy's map explains that the area in the Pacific Northwest of North America is not well known. This may have been a subtle dig at his colleagues and fellow French mapmakers Joseph-Nicolas Delisle and Philippe Buache. Delisle and Buache had published two maps in 1752 showing a large Sea of the West in the same area Vaugondy said was unknown. Geographers were split as to the existence of such a sea, and Vaugondy was the best known of those who argued, rightly, against its existence.